FIA ERC cars and categories explained

(24.05.2021) FIA ERC competitors fight not only to win overall classification of the series and clinch the European champion’s title. The FIA European Rally Championship is split into various categories based primarily on car performance but also on driver experience.


For FIA-homologated cars conforming to Rally2 (R5) regulations. That means 1.6-litre turbocharged engines, 32mm restrictors to control performance, four-wheel drive, five-speed gearboxes and price caps to keep design and build expenditure in check. Think Citroën C3 Rally2, Ford Fiesta R5 MkII, Hyundai i20 R5, Peugeot 208 T16, Škoda Fabia R5, Škoda Fabia Rally2 Evo, Volkswagen Polo GTI R5 and more. Rally2 is a top category eligible in regional and national rally championships. Rally2 machinery is basically must-have for a crew, which targets the ERC title. The seven best results, out of maximum eight outings, count towards FIA ERC overall standings.


Typically for more standard ‘showroom’ spec machinery, albeit with turbocharged engines and four-wheel drive, such as the Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution X and the Subaru Impreza STI. However, in addition to N4, cars built to Rally2 Kit and RGT rules are also allowed. And that means cars fitted with the Rally2 Kit of parts from ORECA can take part, along with the RGT-based Abarth 124 rally and Porsche 997 GT3 among others. The winners get a FIA ERC 2 Champions title.

FIA ERC Junior

Junior categories are very important part of FIA ERC, as series provides a clear path of progression from national level to the world stage with drivers able to climb the FIA Rally Cars pyramid from Rally5 to Rally2. Junior categories were created for young and ambitious drivers. 2021 season will be the very first with all-new Rally3 cars, developed as a step between FWD Rally4 cars and top Rally2 machinery. Currently there is only one Rally3 car on the market – Ford Fiesta Rally3 build by Polish M-Sport operations in Cracow. Newest M-Sport baby is powered by three-cylinder, 1,5-litre EcoBoost engine, developing around 215 bhp. With permanent 4WD, 5-speed sequential gearbox and capable suspension, this is seriously quick, yet relatively affordable rally car. That’s why ERC Junior pyramid has been modified for 2021 with ERC Junior for Rally3 cars on Pirelli tyres replacing ERC1 Junior (previously for Rally2 cars), while ERC3 Junior stays unchanged. Six rounds are planned for ERC Junior competitors, with ORLEN 77th Rally Poland as opening event. Five best results count towards season standings. The 2021 ERC Junior champion receives a five-event FIA Junior WRC Championship campaign in 2022

FIA ERC 3 and FIA ERC 3 Junior

Categories made for Rally4 cars - front-wheel-drive hot hatches in essence such as the Ford Fiesta Rally4, Ford Fiesta R2T, Peugeot 208 Rally4, Peugeot 208 R2, Renault Clio R3T, Renault Clio RSR Rally5 and Opel ADAM R2. There is no age limit in ERC 3, while ERC 3 Junior is for drivers aged 27 and under (on 1 January 2021) in cars on Pirelli tyres. ERC 3 title is decided with total amount of points scored in seven best results, out of eight rounds, while ERC 3 Junior calendar consists of six rounds, with five best results deciding the title. ORLEN 77th Rally Poland is the first 2021 ERC 3 Junior round. The 2021 ERC3 Junior champion receives a prize of three 2022 ERC Junior rounds in a Pirelli-equipped Ford Fiesta Rally3. However, if they use a Fiesta Rally4 during their ERC3 Junior season, M-Sport will increase the final prize to include all six ERC Junior rounds in 2022.

FIA ERC Teams classification

Registered teams can nominate a maximum of three cars from ERC-registered drivers, in either four- or two-wheel drive configuration or a combination of both, to score points on each event. The results of the two highest-placed cars from a team count, with teams tallying their best seven scores from a possible eight. And with points distributed according to the ERC1/ERC2 and ERC3 classifications of the rally, a team could score a maximum of 50 points per event with 25 on offer in 4WD and 25 also up for grabs in 2WD. There’s a prestigious FIA title up for grabs for the winning team.

Abarth Rally Cup

The Abarth Rally Cup features on six ERC rounds (four tarmac and two gravel) in 2021 for competitors using the lightweight, rear-wheel-drive Abarth 124 rally on Pirelli tyres.

Clio Trophy by Toksport WRT

Entry-level, arrive-and-drive category from Toksport WRT using Michelin-equipped Renault Clio Rally5s all run under a central service area on five ERC events.








PZM 76th Rally Poland - Newsfeed LEG 2

PZM 76th Rally Poland - Leg 2

2021 Calendar


ORLEN 77th Rally Poland


Rally Liepāja


Rally di Roma Capitale


Czech Rally Zlín


Azores Rallye


Rally Serras de Fafe e Felgueiras


Rally Hungary


Rally Islas Canarias